However, we watched a break with the past and an increase in effectiveness. HRIS allows us to respond more quickly to changes and to needs of decision-making. HRIS allows budget control, tracking and screening, skills matching, appraisals, feedback, manpower planning, succession planning, skills monitoring, training needs analysis, and global analysis [ 20 ].
The main issue is to define what are the real implications and the role of the information systems in HRM. We will now discuss some examples of the application of information systems in the functional areas of HRM [ 20 ]. Strategic HRM is characterized by the adoption of a dynamic vision of the resources it manages. It covers not only the planning and implementation of actions, but also the control of results, which must be related to the strategy of the organization [ 22 ]. In HRIS, we can find information at these levels: Environmental scanning: monitoring internal and external environments for detecting opportunities and threats that may influence organizational plans;.
Quality and productivity improvements: analysis and development to certify the development of HR quality and productivity.
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HR planning of what the organization will need is of great importance to HR professionals, revealing different skills profiles, working schedules, enabling the organization to have the right people, in the right amount, at right time. It reflects the interests and perspectives of the organization as well as the aspirations of the candidates and collaborators [ 23 ]. The information that we can collect in this area from HRIS is, for example: Promotions, transfers, hiring, and termination rates: tracks data to analyze and make decisions about workforce planning and employment needs.
Analysis and definition of work: allowing employees in geographically dispersed locations to work together. Recruitment and selection: ability to support processes by creating tools that are more agile and enable online work. In addition to the need for work organization and decision-making, what will allow organizations to have increased levels of productivity will be the preparation of their staff and their motivation?
- Human-Computer Systems Interaction.
- What Systems Engineers Need to Know About Human ‐ Computer Interaction;
- Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science 2012: 37th International Symposium, MFCS 2012, Bratislava, Slovakia, August 27-31, 2012. Proceedings.
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In this sense, the development of HR will be a factor of competitiveness and even, in some cases, of survival. In these cases, the information that we can gather from HRIS is: Career development: analysis of careers, their evolution, development of career plans and the achievement of objectives outlined. Education, skills, and training programs: analysis and identification of competences, identification of training needs, access to training contents remotely.
Evaluate employee performance: definition of performance goals, design of evaluation metrics, performance evaluation, and feedback of results. Reward systems consist of all material and immaterial counterparts, which employees can receive, depending on the quality of their performance, the contribution to the development of the business and its identification with the values of the organization [ 9 , 23 ]. HRIS allows us to identify the following information, regarding rewards: Salary information: salary processing, holiday management, absences and absences, automatic calculations of wage components.
Retirement planning: identification of succession plans, pensions, streamlining of untying programs. Benefit administration: benefits attribution, attributed benefits analysis, cost-benefit analysis. The role of HR professionals in the social relations system is considerable. HRIS can help us in different aspects of this area: Employee discipline records: access and management on disciplinary proceedings, disciplinary proceedings reports. Attitude, climate, culture, and commitment: possibility to automatically inquire the entire organization and perform the attitude, climate, culture and commitment analysis.
Safety and working conditions improvement are areas with a profitability difficult to evaluate and considered as real investments for the company, being considered a specific domain of HRM. Thus, great consistency must be sought between the actions developed and the other areas of HRM [ 22 ]. HRIS can assist the risk management by analyzing the following points: Accident and illness: analysis of trend on accidents and illness; managing reports.
Therefore, we can say that information systems have been a valuable tool for HR managers to facilitating HR processes and practices, as we have already seen. However, HR professionals have a special role in this path. Some employees staff and even management will resist changing and it is imperative that they are prepared to deal with the resistance.
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HR professionals must support the change and facilitate the communication [ 20 ]. They need to: Recognize individuals may react negatively to change. We simply cannot forget that it will take some time before success is apparent. HR professional needs to remember that HRM was limited to employee record keeping and was provided as a service to the organization [ 17 ].
The human resource function has undergone dramatic change. With global competitive success relying upon the application of knowledge, information and technology, HR professionals are now committed to engage more significant and strategic roles, improving efficiency. They become strategic business partners relying on the usage of HRIS in their job [ 17 ]. Note the need to be attentive to the particularities of each context.
However, they draw attention to the fact that organizations that are most successful are those who are able to leverage the technology and link it to their HR strategy [ 21 ]. In this case, HR professionals need to understand that: the technology of the future will be both collaborative and connected;. Increasingly, technology has a profound impact on HRM. As technology evolves, it will also force HRM to take on new contours in both its processes and its practices.
HRIS emerged in response to the need for this change to be carried out in the most fruitful way possible, considering the improved accuracy, the quick access to information, the increased competitiveness and efficiency and the re engineer of the HR function. It is true that there are still some limitations to its use and its results. However, its role in HRM allows us to respond more quickly to HRM changes and needs, for example, enabling to control budget, tracking and screening, skills matching, appraisals, feedback, manpower planning, succession planning, skills monitoring, training needs analysis and global analysis.
By focusing on using technology to continuously improve the quality of the work. Technology can improve the information available to HR, facilitating HR processes, and making them faster and more effective. However, we face several challenges are faced. HR professionals need to prepare themselves for the future by gearing up for new roles or find themselves outsourced.
HR professionals needs to integrate an HRIS as a big project and as a major change for the organization, assuming its role as business partner, as a data analyst, as an internal consultant, focused on the strategic issues of HRM, necessary for the development of people, business and organizations. Licensee IntechOpen. This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3. Help us write another book on this subject and reach those readers.
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The Role of Information Systems in Human Resource Management
We are IntechOpen, the world's leading publisher of Open Access books. Built by scientists, for scientists. Our readership spans scientists, professors, researchers, librarians, and students, as well as business professionals. Downloaded: Abstract Over the last years, human resource management HRM has experienced significant transformations. Introduction Fast changing markets, industries, and services require organizational environments capable of constant adaptation with bright new ideas and reduced time-to-market.
Information systems in human resources management In recent years, information technology has effects on almost every aspect of our society, as well on organizational processes, including HRM processes and practices [ 3 ]. To provide relevant information. To provide timely information. Costs and benefits Information systems represent a major investment by the organizations.
Strategic HR management Strategic HRM is characterized by the adoption of a dynamic vision of the resources it manages. In HRIS, we can find information at these levels: Environmental scanning: monitoring internal and external environments for detecting opportunities and threats that may influence organizational plans; Quality and productivity improvements: analysis and development to certify the development of HR quality and productivity. Workforce planning and employment HR planning of what the organization will need is of great importance to HR professionals, revealing different skills profiles, working schedules, enabling the organization to have the right people, in the right amount, at right time.
- Human–computer interaction - Wikipedia.
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Human resource development In addition to the need for work organization and decision-making, what will allow organizations to have increased levels of productivity will be the preparation of their staff and their motivation? Total rewards Reward systems consist of all material and immaterial counterparts, which employees can receive, depending on the quality of their performance, the contribution to the development of the business and its identification with the values of the organization [ 9 , 23 ]. Salary analysis: analysis of salary developments, salary comparisons.
Employee and labor relations The role of HR professionals in the social relations system is considerable. Risk management Safety and working conditions improvement are areas with a profitability difficult to evaluate and considered as real investments for the company, being considered a specific domain of HRM.
Anticipate resistance and find ways to deal with it.
Show commitment and a positive attitude toward the change. Involve people in the process. Ensure top management is visible and supportive. Remind that change is a process and successful change takes time. Introducing Ozlo. Sensory and motor inputs and outputs coordinate, process and take electrical signals originated in the brain to muscles or organs, or take sensory inputs originated in the periphery to the brain to be integrated as sensory stimulus.
Memory refers to the storing of information in a reliable long-term substrate. Basic information processing refers to executing operations e. Basic information processing and memory were the initial reason for creating computers. The human brain has been only adapted with difficulty to this tasks and is not particularly good at it. It was only with the development of writing as a way to store and support information processing that humans were able to take information processing and record keeping to an initial level of proficiency.
Currently, computers are able to process and store information at levels far beyond what humans are capable of doing. The last decades have seen an explosion of the capability to store different forms of information in computers like video or audio, in which before the human brain had an advantage over computers. There are still mechanisms of memory that are unknown to us which promise even greater efficiency in computers if we can copy them e.
Complex movement is the orchestration of different muscles coordinating them through space and time and balancing minutely their relative strengths to achieve a specific outcome. This requires a minute understanding of the body state proprioception and the integration of the information coming from the senses into a coherent picture of the world.
Some of the most complex examples of movement are driving, riding a bicycle, walking or feats of athletic or artistic performance like figure skating or dancing.
24. Socio-Technical System Design
Repetitive and routine movement has been possible for a relatively long time, with industrial robots already available since the s. On the other hand, human complex movement seemed beyond the reach of what we were able to recreate. Even relatively mundane tasks like walking were extremely challenging, while complex ones like driving were apparently beyond the possible.
However, over the last two years, we have seen the deployment of the latest AI techniques and increased sensory and computing power making complex movement feasible. There are now reasonably competent walking robots and autonomous cars are already in the streets of some cities. Consequently, we can expect some non-routine physical tasks like driving or deliveries to be at least partially automated. Of course, we are still far away from a general system like the brain that can learn and adapt new complex motor behaviors.